The Small Business Administration (SBA) has many resources for business owners. Money is one of them – certainly enticing for anyone looking to start, scale or shift directions in their business.
The SBA 7(a) loan program allows lenders to provide loans within the SBA’s guidelines. The SBA guarantees the repayment of these loans. The SBA’s website explains, “When a business applies for an SBA loan, it is actually applying for a commercial loan, structured according to SBA requirements with an SBA guaranty.”
How does the SBA 7(a) loan program compare to a conventional bank loan? Take a look at the chart below. SBA guaranteed loans offer longer terms, require less collateral and are structured to drive growth.
|SBA guaranteed bank loan – 7(a)||Conventional bank loan|
|Loan Amount||Up to $5 million||Any amount|
|Interest Rate||Prime + 2.75% (or less)||4-7%|
|Term*||Up to 10 years||Usually 3-5 years|
|Covenants||None required by SBA||At bank’s discretion – usually significant|
|Business Collateral||Fixed assets**||Fixed, personal and
|Guaranty||Full personal guaranty||Depends on terms & assets|
|Uses||Equipment, working capital,
|As allowed by bank|
|Debt to Equity Ratio||75:25***||25:75|
|Debt Service Coverage Ration (DSCR)||1.4 to 1||1.2 to 1|
*Assumes that the loan is not made for the purchase of real estate
**Collateralizing term debt with fixed assets only allows current assets to remain unencumbered for use in securing a revolving line of credit
***This is a guideline and can vary depending on DSCR; higher DSCR (i.e. better debt service coverage) enables higher debt to equity ratios (i.e. weaker balance sheet)
SBA 7(a) loans play a part in over half of our transactions. Securing an SBA loan can be a tricky endeavor. Throughout our 14 years in business we’ve learned how to walk through the mess successfully and gathered tips to make the process easier for others. We’ve recently shared some of those tips on the Axial Forum: Top 5 Tips for Navigating SBA Financing for Acquisitions. Top 5 Things to Know About Terms and Conditions for SBA Loans.
|Picking the right bank for your SBA financing is vital. Here are two insider tips for making that decision a good one.|
We know we didn’t cover it all. Please reach out with additional questions you have about SBA financing.
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